16 oct Which Of The Following Is The Only Country Not To Ratify The Paris Climate Agreement
The agreement contains commitments from all countries to reduce their emissions and work together to adapt to the effects of climate change and calls on countries to step up their commitments over time. The agreement provides a way for developed countries to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts, while providing a framework for transparent monitoring and reporting on countries` climate goals. It would also put the U.S. in a club that includes a war-torn terrorist dictatorship and a country whose gross domestic product is below the rating of the struggling social network Twitter. American exceptionalism, indeed. The Alliance of Small Island States and Least Developed Countries, whose economies and livelihoods are most vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change, has lobbied to address loss and damage as a stand-alone issue of the Paris Agreement.  However, developed countries were concerned that classifying the problem as a separate problem and beyond adaptation measures would create another climate finance clause or imply legal liability for catastrophic climate events. As climate change promotes rising temperatures and extreme weather events, it endangers our air, water and food. spreads the disease; and endangers our homes and our safety. We are facing a growing public health crisis.
As a major producer of oil and natural gas exporters, Iran`s energy sector accounts for about 77 percent of its total emissions. Despite its fossil fuel empire, the country has developed a renewable energy industry through a number of national plans and funds. At the 2015 Paris conference, where the agreement was negotiated, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to mobilize $100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020 and agreed to continue to mobilize $100 billion a year in financing by 2025.  The commitment refers to the already existing plan to provide $100 billion per year in assistance to developing countries for climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.  The Kyoto Protocol, a landmark environmental agreement adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that countries have agreed on legally prescribed country-specific emission reduction targets. The protocol, which only entered into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for developed countries, based on the assumption that they were responsible for most of the Earth`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States first signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the deal would hurt the U.S. economy because it would not include developing countries such as China and India. Without the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty has proven to be limited, as its objectives cover only a small fraction of total global emissions. Once ratified, the agreement requires governments to submit their emission reduction plans. Ultimately, they will have to bite their share to keep global temperatures well below 2°C above pre-industrial times and « make efforts » to limit them further to 1.5°C.